IQ is an acronym for Intelligence Quotient. So what is IQ ? The IQ is a measurement of your intelligence and is expressed in a number. By word quotient, in simple language, you can understand it as points.
A person’s IQ can be calculated by having the person take an intelligence test. The average IQ is 100. If you achieve a score higher than 100, you are smarter than the average person, and a lower score means you are (somewhat) less smart.
IQ tests involve the measure of two primary components — verbal and performance.
When an IQ test is scored, three primary scores are obtained — verbal IQ, performance IQ, and the full scale IQ. The full scale IQ is what is commonly referred to as one’s “IQ score” by people. Most people perform better in one component over the other in IQ testing (one either has a strength in verbal or performance).
These two sections of the IQ test are divided into sub scales, each measuring a different component of IQ.
These type of tests and number of tests may vary institute to institute. Above tests and numbers of tests, just present an overall picture of IQ elements.
It is understood that most of these contain basic elements like mathematics, logical thinking and reasoning. It falls under study of psychology, sociology, science and philosophy.
It is believed that people good in mathematics and reasoning have better IQ. Engineers, doctors and technical people have better IQ. It is also believed that people who pass competitive examinations like IAS, IPS, IIT, CAT, Banking etc. have better IQ. We can analyse is vice-versa too.
How to improve your IQ ?
IQ leads to success ?
Yes. Most of the time, we can say – ‘Yes, good IQ leads to success’.