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What is infrastructure 

Infrastructure refers to structures, systems, and facilities serving the economy of a business, industry, country, city, town, or area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function. It is the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities like buildings, roads, trains, power supplies, dams, canals, ….  needed by country.

Types of infrastructure 

“Hard” infrastructure refers to the large physical networks necessary for the functioning of a modern industrial nation, whereas “soft” infrastructure refers to all the institutions which are required to maintain the economy, health, and cultural and social standards of a country, such as the financial system, the education system, the health care system, information system, the system of government, and law enforcement, as well as emergency services.

Uses of infrastructure 

  • Engineers generally limit the use of the term “infrastructure” to describe fixed assets that are in the form of a large network, in other words, “hard” infrastructure. Recent efforts to devise more generic definitions of infrastructures have typically referred to the network aspects of most of the structures, and to the accumulated value of investments in the networks as assets. One such effort defines infrastructure as the network of assets “where the system as a whole is intended to be maintained indefinitely at a specified standard of service by the continuing replacement and refurbishment of its components”
  • Economic development
  • Defense and Military
  • Critical infrastructure (Storm, Earthquake, Flood, …)
  • Urban infrastructure (Building, Roads, Flyovers, ….)
  • Rural infrastructure (Agriculture Science, Dairy, Canals, …)
  • Green infrastructure (Environment…) 

India plans to invest in development of its infrastructure. 

Development in Infrastructure will generate job opportunities. 

So plan your studies and career accordingly. 


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